As a student or researcher in Finland

As a rule, students and researchers who come to Finland are not covered by the Finnish social security system since their stay in Finland is considered temporary. If the student has also other reasons for the stay in Finland, he or she can be covered by the Finnish social security system.

If the circumstances of your studies in Finland change, and you meet the requirements for permanent residence, you may qualify for social security coverage from the date the change became effective. One example of such a change is marriage to a person who lives permanently in Finland.

Students and researchers from another EU/EEA country or from Switzerland

Students and researchers moving to Finland from another EU/EEA country or from Switzerland are normally not covered by the Finnish social security system, because their residence in Finland is of a temporary nature. However, they are entitled to necessary medical care in Finland by presenting a European Health Insurance Card granted by their country of residence.

If you work in Finland during your studies you can become covered by the social security system for the duration of the employment on the same grounds as other workers who come to Finland. Coverage by the social security system presupposes that your employment in Finland lasts for at least 4 months. In addition, the minimum requirements regarding the weekly working hours and the wage must be met.

After you no longer work, your coverage is determined by reference to whether your residence in Finland is temporary or permanent.

If you do research work or pursue postgraduate studies in Finland financed through a Finnish grant which entails the obligation to take out insurance under the Farmers' Pensions Act for at least four months, you are covered by the Finnish social security system for the duration of your research work or postgraduate studies. Coverage under the Finnish social security system has to be applied for with Kela.

If you do research work or pursue postgraduate studies in Finland financed through a Finnish grant which entails the obligation to take out insurance under the Farmers' Pensions Act for at least four months, you are covered by the Finnish social security system for the duration of your research work or postgraduate studies. As a rule , studies or research work in Finland financed through a foreign grant do not entitle to coverage by the social security system.

You can also be covered by the Finnish social security system if you besides the studies, artistic work or research work have also some other reason for your stay in Finland which indicates residence here.

Students and researchers from countries that have a social security agreement with Finland

The social security agreements contain no provisions regarding students. If you come to Finland from an agreement country for studies or research work, you can, as a rule, not be covered by the Finnish social security system since your stay in Finland is considered temporary.

If you work in Finland alongside your studies or research work, you can be covered by the Finnish social security system for the duration of the employment. This presupposes that your work meets the minimum requirements.

If you come to Finland from another Nordic country as a student or researcher, your entitlement to social security benefits is, as a rule, determined on the same grounds as for persons who come from other EU/EEA countries or Switzerland.

If you come to Finland for research work or artistic work financed through a grant, your stay in Finland is considered temporary and you cannot be covered by the Finnish social security system. If the research work or artistic work continues for more than a year, you have financing for more than a year and all other circumstances also indicate permanent residence in Finland, you can, as a rule, be covered by the Finnish social security system on the basis of permanent residence.

Students and researchers from other countries

If you come to Finland from some other country for studies, artistic work or research work, you cannot, as a rule, be covered by the Finnish social security system since your stay in Finland is considered temporary.

If you work in Finland alongside your studies or research work, you can be covered by the Finnish social security system for the duration of the employment. This presupposes that your work meets the minimum requirements.

If you come to Finland for research work or artistic work financed through a grant, your stay in Finland is considered temporary and you cannot be covered by the Finnish social security system. If the research work or artistic work continues for more than a year, you have financing for more than a year and all other circumstances also indicate permanent residence in Finland, you can, as a rule, be covered by the Finnish social security system on the basis of permanent residence.

Additional information

 

Last modified 04/09/2014
Updated 22/10/2012