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Working in Finland
Your entitlement to coverage by the Finnish social security system and different benefits can also be based on employment in Finland instead of on permanent residence. Your social security coverage is affected by the country from which you move to Finland and how long you will work in Finland.
You can in most cases be covered by the Finnish social security system right from your arrival in Finland if your move to Finland is considered permanent or if you work in Finland for at least four months. In such a case, your working hours and wage must meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment.
Trainees and au pairs are generally not covered by the Finnish social security system. This is also the case with other short-term or low-pay workers whose employment relationship does not meet the condition regarding the terms of employment.
Partial coverage by the Finnish social security system is also possible. In certain situations, persons who come to work in Finland for less than four months can be entitled to public health care. Persons who come from an EU or EEA country or from Switzerland to work in Finland can also be entitled to child home care allowance.
If you move to Finland from a country outside the EU, Kela can on certain conditions pay child benefit and child home care allowance.
Coverage under the Finnish social security system can also be checked by accessing Kela's online service.
Minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment
The minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment are satisfied if you work at least 18 hours a week and your pay is consistent with the terms of the relevant collective agreement. Where no collective agreement exists, your pay for full-time work must be at least €1,187 per month (2017).
All persons moving to Finland for the purpose of employment must meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment in order to qualify for social security coverage in Finland on the basis of their employment. This does not apply to workers who are considered to move to Finland permanently.
Minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment for short-term work
If you work for one or several employers under a contract that specifies continuous employment, but you have an intermittent work schedule, your coverage under the Finnish social security system on the basis of this employment depends on whether you meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment.
If you have several employment contracts following one another, coverage by the Finnish social security system depends on whether an employment period of at least 4 months can be considered continuous. This is the case if the individual employment relationships or periods of employment are separated only by weekends or by public holidays. If the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment are met, the employment is considered to be continuous even if the employment relationship changes. In periodical work an interruption of one week can also be accepted.
Last modified 22/12/2016