Moving to or from Finland
Eligibility for Finnish social security benefits is based on residence in Finland. With certain exceptions, all permanent residents are entitled to social security benefits from Kela.
When you move to or from Finland, Kela issues a decision on your eligibility for social security benefits. This decision is founded on the Act on the Implementation of the Social Security Legislation (1573/1993).
If you intend to move abroad for less than a year, you will retain your coverage under the Finnish social security system for the duration of your stay and will qualify for Kela benefits. If you intend to stay abroad for more than a year, your residence will be considered as permanent, in which case your social security coverage in Finland will end.
When moving to Finland, you will normally be covered by the Finnish social security system if you intend to move here permanently. Indications of a permanent move are, for example, return migration to Finland, employment in Finland lasting at least 2 years, and a marriage or other close familial relationship with a person permanently residing in Finland.