Social assistance, or income support, is a last-resort form of financial assistance for individuals and families which covers some of the basic necessities of life. It is paid by Kela. Supplementary and preventive social assistance is provided by municipalities.
Those performing their conscript or alternative non-military service as well as women performing voluntary military service, along with their family members, may be entitled to a conscript's allowance from Kela. The conscript’s allowance can consist of housing, basic, maintenance and special assistance, as well as interest payments on student loans.
The benefits provided by Kela for persons with disabilities are: the disability allowance for persons under 16 years of age, the disability allowance for persons aged 16 years or over, and the care allowance for pensioners. In addition, Kela provides interpreter services for persons with disabilities.
Parents are entitled to family leave and various benefits from Kela following the birth of a child. Benefits for families with children include the child maintenance allowance, the child benefit, child care allowances, maternity, paternity and parental allowances, and the maternity grant.
Kela provides compensations for occupational health care costs. Employers are entitled to compensation for the cost of arranging occupational health care. Self-employed persons and agricultural entrepreneurs have the option to arrange occupational health services for themselves and to receive compensation from Kela.
Kela provides the following pension benefits: national pension, guarantee pension, survivors’ pension, child increase, front-veterans’ supplement and additional front-veterans’ supplement. National pension can be paid in the form of an old-age pension or a disability pension. Survivors’ pensions are awarded as either orphans’ pensions or spouses’ pensions.
Kela provides access to various types of rehabilitation for persons of all ages, and supports the economic security of rehabilitation clients during rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is available in such forms as vocational rehabilitation, intensive medical rehabilitation and group rehabilitation courses, as well as cash rehabilitation allowances and reimbursements of travel expenses.
Students can get financial aid from Kela for post-comprehensive school education. It can be in the form of study grants, government guaranteed student loans, housing supplements, student loan compensations, interest assistance and school transport subsidies.
Kela pays unemployment benefits to unemployed persons who are not eligible for earnings-related unemployment allowance from an unemployment fund. Economic security during unemployment is provided by means of an unemployment allowance and an labour market subsidy.