Statistics on unemployment-related benefits provided by Kela

Producer: Kela – The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

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Description

The statistics on the benefits paid by Kela in respect of unemployment present a general picture of the basic economic security that Kela provides for unemployed persons. They also cover benefits paid to unemployed persons during participation in active labour market measures, job alternation compensations, and commuting and relocation allowances. The statistics are produced on the basis of Kela’s statistical register on unemployment-related benefits.

Data content

Beneficiaries, days covered and benefits paid.

Classifications used

Type of benefit, basis of eligibility (unemployment or participation in active labour market measure), level of benefit (full benefit, adjusted benefit, etc.), length of unemployment, occupation, general regional classifications and general demographic classifications.

Data collection methods and data sources

The unemployment benefit statistics are compiled from individual-level statistical registers, which are based on the benefit system for unemployment benefits administered by Kela. The benefit system includes all of the data created and processed during the implementation of unemployment benefit schemes.

Updating frequency

Published monthly and annually.

Time of completion or release

Monthly statistics are published in the month following the reference month. Annual statistics are released jointly with the Financial Supervisory Authority in the autumn of the following year.

Time series

The statistics on unemployment protection are comparable from 1985 (the first year in which Kela paid unemployment benefits). In 1994, the labour market subsidy was introduced and the criteria for the payment of the basic unemployment allowance were amended. In 2010 the basic unemployment allowance became payable not only during unemployment but also during participation in active labour market measures. Training subsidy and training allowance were discontinued as standalone benefits at that same time. In 2013, the means testing rules for the labour market subsidy were modified to exclude spousal income. The labour market subsidy paid in the form of integration assistance for immigrants was discontinued in 2015. Payments continued in the form of the regular labour market subsidy.

Keywords

social security, unemployment protection, unemployment benefits, basic social security, labour market subsidy, basic unemployment allowance, unemployment, unemployed persons

Contact information

tilastot (at) kela.fi