Statistics on unemployment protection in Finland

Producer: Kela - The Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Financial Supervisory Authority (FIN-FSA)

Statistical publications

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Description

The statistics on unemployment protection in Finland provide a general picture of income replacement in the event of unemployment. They also cover job alternation compensations, commuting and relocation allowances, and benefits paid during participation in active labour market measures. The data are compiled from the unemployment beneficiary registry of the Financial Supervisory Authority, the monthly statistics provided by unemployment funds or their payment systems to the FIN-FSA, and the unemployment registries of Kela.

Data content

Benefit recipients, days covered and benefits paid.

Classifications used

Type of benefit, basis of entitlement (benefit paid during unemployment or participation in active labour market measure), type of compensation (full benefit, adjusted benefit, etc.), length of unemployment, occupation, general regional classifications and general demographic classifications.

Data collection methods and data sources

Data on benefits paid by the unemployment funds are retrieved from the FIN-FSA's unemployment beneficiary register, to which unemployment funds or their payment systems provide quarterly data on benefits and beneficiaries, and from monthly summary files on individual unemployment funds. The unemployment benefit statistics of Kela are compiled from individual-level statistical registers, which are based on benefit databases created in the course of administering unemployment benefit schemes.

Updating frequency

Published monthly and annually.

Time of completion or release

Monthly statistics on unemployment protection in Finland are published during the month following the statistical reference month, while the annual statistics come out in the autumn of the following year. Cross-sectional data are published four times a year. Other data are published later: the end-of-month numbers of recipients for each quarter are published about 4 months after the end of each quarter.

Time series

The statistics on unemployment protection are comparable from 1985 (the first year in which Kela paid unemployment benefits). In 1994, the labour market subsidy was introduced and the criteria for the payment of the basic unemployment allowance were amended. In 2010 unemployment allowances became payable not only during unemployment but also during participation in active labour market measures. Training subsidy and training allowance were discontinued as standalone benefits at that same time. In 2013, the means testing rules for the labour market subsidy were modified to exclude spousal income. The labour market subsidy paid in the form of integration assistance for immigrants was discontinued in 2015. Payments continued in the form of the regular labour market subsidy. There have been several subsequent minor legislative changes.

Keywords

social security, unemployment protection, unemployment benefits, earnings-related income security, basic social security, earnings-related unemployment allowance, basic unemployment allowance, labour market subsidy, unemployment, unemployed persons.

Contact information

tilastot (at) kela.fi