Statistics on sickness allowance

Producer: Kela - The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

Statistical publications

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All residents of Finland are insured under the Health Insurance Act. Provided they meet the qualifying criteria, they are entitled to sickness allowance as compensation for loss of income resulting from short-term incapacity for work. The statistics on sickness allowances describe the economic security arrangements for employees and self-employed people during unemployment. They examine allowance recipients and expenditures from a variety of perspectives. With certain qualifications, they also describe disease prevalence in the working-age population. Because of the application of a waiting period, only periods of illness exceeding ten days are included in the data.

Data content

Recipient of sickness allowance, new spells of sickness allowance, day for which sickness allowance is paid and the amount of the allowance in EUR.

Classifications used

Type of benefit (sickness allowance, partial sickness allowance, sickness allowance payable under the Self-Employed Persons' Pensions Act, other sickness allowances), disease causing incapacity for work (ICD-10), occupation and position (Classification of Occupations 2010), general regional classifications and general demographic classifications.

Data collection methods and data sources

Decisions on applications for sickness allowance are issued both by Kela and by workplace funds (the latter only in respect of applications filed by fund members). This statistic is compiled from an individual-level registry on sickness allowances. It is produced from the benefit system for sickness allowances, which includes all of the data created and processed during the implementation of the sickness allowance scheme.

Updating frequency

Updated monthly and once per calendar year with data on sickness allowances paid during the relevant period.

Time of completion or release

The monthly statistics are published within three weeks and the quarterly statistics within a month of the statistical reference period. The annual statistics are published in their entirety by the middle of August following the end of the statistical reference year.

Time series

Statistics on sickness allowances have been compiled since 1964, when the National Health Insurance scheme was created. The effect of legislative amendments on eligibility conditions and rates should be noted when making year-to-year comparisons.


Social security, health insurance, sickness allowance, prevalence of disease.

Contact information

tilastot (at)