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Benefits for unemployed and jobseekers in Finland
You are entitled to unemployment benefits if you are permanently resident in Finland and you are covered under the Finnish social security system. You must also be registered as an unemployed jobseeker with the TE Services. If you are not permanently resident in Finland and you are not covered under the Finnish social security system, you may still be entitled to basic unemployment allowance or earnings-related unemployment allowance from the unemployment fund if you have, for instance, been temporarily laid off.
If you apply for a benefit for the first time after moving to Finland and your entitlement to benefits provided by Kela has not yet been determined, you should notify your move to Finland online. You can also complete and submit the form Moving to Finland Y 77e (pdf).
If you have been denied a benefit and your circumstances change, you can apply for the benefit again. A change in circumstances can be, for instance, your family members moving to Finland or another situation through which living in Finland becomes more permanent than before. Also in that case you should notify your move to Finland online or include the notification Moving to Finland Y 77e (pdf) with your application.
Labour market subsidy or basic unemployment allowance?
You can be granted labour market subsidy in Finland if
- you are permanently resident in Finland and you are covered under the Finnish social security system and
- you are registered as an unemployed jobseeker with the TE Services.
If you are moving to Finland from another EU or EEA country or from Switzerland, you can be paid basic unemployment allowance if
- you are registered as an unemployed jobseeker with the TE Services
- you worked in Finland before becoming unemployed
- you meet the conditions regarding previous employment, which may include also employment periods in other countries
- you have moved to Finland after becoming unemployed.
Apply for unemployment benefits in your country of residence, if you were resident there already while working in Finland and you do not intend to stay in Finland after becoming unemployed. If you have been temporarily laid off in Finland or your employment relationship in Finland is still valid, you can receive basic unemployment allowance from Finland regardless of where you live.
If you have worked abroad
If you have worked in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland, the periods of employment abroad can be included in the Finnish condition regarding previous employment. Work in some other country than an EU or EEA country or Switzerland cannot be included in the condition regarding previous employment.
You need a certificate U1 issued by the employment authorities in the country of employment (EU or EEA country or Switzerland) confirming all your employment periods and unemployment insurance periods. Request the certificate already before the move to Finland from the organisation in the country of origin from which you would have applied for unemployment benefits if you had lived there.
Periods of employment in other countries can usually be included in the Finnish condition regarding previous employment. This presupposes that you have worked in Finland for at least 4 weeks after these periods. The work in Finland must meet the conditions regarding the terms of employment.
In the following situations, no four-week period of work is required, however:
- Finland remains your country of residence despite your stay and employment abroad, and you return to Finland after the employment has ended.
- You are permanently resident in Finland but you have worked in another country as a cross-border worker.
- If you have lived in another Nordic country but during the previous five years you have received unemployment allowance from Finland, worked for at least one week in work that meets the conditions regarding the terms of employment or worked as a self-employed person for at least four months so that it meets the conditions regarding the terms of employment.
If you are a jobseeker arriving in Finland from another EU or EEA country or from Switzerland
If you come from another EU or EEA country or Switzerland and you look for work in Finland, you can receive unemployment benefit from your country of origin. This presupposes that you have agreed with the employment authorities in your country of origin that you will go to look for work abroad. You cannot receive unemployment benefits from Finland at the same time.
You can look for work for a maximum of 3-6 months. You need a certificate on your entitlement to unemployment benefits (certificate U2) from the employment authorities in your country of origin and you should present the certificate to the TE Services.
Remember to notify any changes to the employment authorities in the country of origin, for instance if you find work.