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Exemption from payment of child support debt
If your outstanding child support payments are being recovered by Kela and you are unable to pay them due to temporary financial difficulties, you can apply for an exemption from Kela. Kela will then waive the collection of Kela's portion of the maintenance debt. Exemption is always granted retrospectively for a minimum of one calendar month and for a maximum of one year. Exemption from payment cannot be granted for future payments. Exemption is granted in so far as there are outstanding payments of child support for the calendar month in question. Exemption can only be granted for the portion of the child support debt that is due to the state, never for the portion due to the child.
Reasons for inability to pay
In order to qualify for an exemption from payment, your inability to pay must be due to circumstances outside of your control. A low income may for example result from
- incapacity for work
- full-time studies
- maternity, paternity or parental leave
- absence from work due to caring for a sick child (special care allowance)
- a rehabilitation period
- serving a prison sentence
- performing compulsory military service
- being on old-age pension.
The reason for your inability to pay must have been in force throughout the month for which exemption from payment is applied for. If you have long-term financial difficulties and cannot make the child support payments, it may be necessary to change the confirmed amount of child support. Concerning issues related to the amount of child support, please contact the child welfare officer of your home municipality.
Income limit for exemption from payment
To qualify for exemption from payment, you can earn a maximum of €1,120.00 per month. This income limit is increased by €280.00 for each of the liable parent's children under 18 years of age, with the exception of a child or children for whom child maintenance allowance has been granted. Any children that the liable parent's spouse or partner may have do not have an increasing effect on the income limit.
Income taken into account
All earned income and capital income as well as social security benefits count as income. Income is, as per the date of payment and at its gross amount, taken into account as income for the month when it was paid out. The following incomes are taken into account:
- earned income incl. fringe benefits
- capital income as per the date of payment
- social security benefits (e.g. unemployment allowance excl. child increase, child benefit as well as general housing allowance, which is counted as income for the parent liable for maintenance, if this parent is living in same household as the recipient of the housing allowance)
- insurable income under the Self-Employed Persons' Pensions Act (YEL) or the Farmers' Pensions Act (MYEL).
How to apply for exemption from payment
- Complete and print out the form Application - Exemption from payment of child support debt LC 1e.
- Enclose certificates on any capital income, income from abroad and unemployment benefits paid by an unemployment fund that you have received during the period that the application concerns.
- If you apply for exemption from payment for 2018, you must also enclose wage certificates for the period that the application concerns.
- If you apply for exemption for 2019, you do not have to enclose wage certificates, if you only have income from Finland. As of 1 January 2019, Kela obtains wage information from the national incomes register and uses this information when processing claims and applications. You will be contacted if additional information is required.
- Mail the application along with all necessary supporting documents to Kela.