Concepts: Child benefit statistics

Statistical units


Recorded as recipients are persons who received a payment with a non-zero amount in the reference period. Recipients may also be referred to as families having received child benefit.


The total for children includes children for whom child benefit has been paid in the reference period.

Benefit expenditure

Includes all child benefit payments made in the reference period. The benefit expenditure corresponds to the child benefit expenditure recorded in Kela’s accounts.

Statistical classifications


The age of the child benefit recipient or child at the end of the reference year.


For the recipient, the municipality of residence at the end of the year. Children’s municipality of residence is determined according to their parent’s or provider municipality of residence. The classification by regions is based on the municipality of residence.

To facilitate regional comparisons, certain statistical data have been adjusted to regional population totals. The population data are based on Kela’s database on insured persons, and refer to the situation at the end of the year.

Sequential number indicating the child’s place in the family birth order

The amount of the child benefit increases proportionately with the number of child up to the fifth child. The sequential number indicates the child’s chronological place among his or her siblings.

Type of family

Families are classified into one-parent and two-parent families according to whether the recipient has been paid a single-parent supplement.

Number of children in family

Indicates the number of children in the family for whom child benefit was paid.


Can be for example the mother or the father, the child him- or herself, or a government authority.