Description of statistics:
Statistics on the benefits paid by Kela in respect of unemployment

Produced by: Kela – The Social Insurance Institution of Finland

Web page: Statistics on the benefits paid by Kela in respect of unemployment

The statistics on the benefits paid by Kela in respect of unemployment present a general picture of the basic economic security that Kela provides for unemployed persons. They also cover benefits paid during participation in employment-promoting measures, job alternation compensations, and commuting and relocation allowances. The statistics are produced on the basis of Kela’s statistical register on unemployment-related benefits.

Data content

Beneficiaries, days covered and benefits paid.

Classifications used

Type of benefit, basis of eligibility (benefit paid during unemployment or during participation in employment-promoting services), type of compensation (full benefit, adjusted benefit, etc.), duration of unemployment, occupation, general regional classifications, and general demographic classifications.

Data collection methods and data sources

Compiled from individual-level statistical registers, which are based on the benefit system for unemployment benefits administered by Kela. The benefit system includes all of the data created and processed during the implementation of unemployment benefit schemes.

Updating frequency

Published monthly and annually.

Time of completion or release

Data are made available in the Kelasto statistical database within four weeks of the end of the reference period.

The statistics are released in cooperation with FIN-FSA, which is in charge of compiling statistics on earnings-related unemployment benefits. Monthly statistics on unemployment benefits in Finland are released during the month following the reference month, and annual statistics on unemployment protection in Finland are released in the autumn following the reference year. More exact publication dates can be found in the release calendar.

Time series

The statistics on unemployment protection are comparable from 1985 (the first year in which Kela paid unemployment benefits). In 1994, the labour market subsidy was introduced and the criteria for the payment of the basic unemployment allowance were amended. In 2010 the basic unemployment allowance became payable not only during unemployment but also during participation in employment-promoting services. Training subsidy and training allowance were discontinued as standalone benefits at that same time. In 2013, the means testing rules for the labour market subsidy were modified to exclude spousal income. The labour market subsidy paid in the form of integration assistance for immigrants was discontinued in 2015. Payments continued in the form of the regular labour market subsidy. There have been several subsequent minor legislative changes.

Keywords

Statistics (data), unemployment security, daily unemployment allowances, unemployment benefit societies, labour market subsidy.