Experimental study on a universal basic income
The Government of Prime Minister Juha Sipilä is testing a guaranteed basic income in Finland during 2017 and 2018. A working group of researchers from a range of organisations under the project leadership of Kela explored ways in which to carry out the basic income experiment. This page collects information and data on the project.
The basic income experiment was launched on 1 January 2017. During the experiment, a total of 2,000 unemployed persons between 25 and 58 years of age will receive a monthly payment of €560, unconditionally and without means testing. The experiment will run for two years.
Preliminary study to consider alternatives for implementing the experiment
The purpose of the basic income experiment is to find ways to reshape the social security system in response to changes in the labour market. The experiment also explores how to make the system more empowering and more effective in terms of providing incentives for work. Further objectives include the reduction of bureaucracy and the streamlining the complicated system for providing welfare benefits.
The purpose of the preliminary study was to analyse various models that could be used as a basis for implementing the basic income experiment. The experiment itself will evaluate the effect of a basic income in different population groups and produce an overall cost estimate.
The preliminary study was launched at the end of October 2015. The working group submitted its preliminary report to the Minister of Social Affairs and Health on 30 March 2016. The Government of Juha Sipilä then prepared a bill on the basic income experiment which was passed by Parliament in December 2016.
The research group presented its final report to the Minister of Social Affairs and Health on 16 December 2016. The basic income experiment was launched on 1 January 2017.
Members of the research group
The preliminary report was drawn up by
- Kela Research
- University of Helsinki
- University of Tampere
- University of Eastern Finland
- University of Turku
- Policy institute Tänk and
- VATT Institute for Economic Research.
The Federation of Finnish Entrepreneurs and experts on municipal affairs, tax law and constitutional matters also contributed to the project. The project was headed by Professor Olli Kangas, director of government and community relations at Kela (firstname.lastname@example.org).
It was carried out as part of the Government's analysis and research plan for 2015.
Final report recommends expanded experiment
The research team submitted its final report on 16 December 2016 to Pirkko Mattila, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, recommending the expansion of the basic income experiment in 2018 The sample size should be increased, and other low-income individuals besides the unemployed should be included.
- Press release: Research team recommends expansion of basic income experiment in 2018
- Report: From idea to experiments - Final report on alternatives for implementing a basic income experiment (in Finnish)
Preliminary report evaluates different basic income models
The research group presented its preliminary report to Hanna Mäntylä, Minister of Social Affairs and Health, on 30 March 2016. The report brings together information about different basic income models and about the results of experiments in which such models have been tried out. It also estimates the effects that different basic income models could have.
- Press release: From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on a universal basic income completed
- Report: From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on alternatives for implementing a basic income experiment (in Finnish)
- Report: From idea to experiment – Report on universal basic income experiment in Finland
- Video recording of the formal presentation of the report
- Materials from the formal presentation of the report
Studying the impact of the experiment
An evaluation study will be made of the basic income experiment. It will compare the study group of 2,000 persons with a control group of about 173,000. The control group is made up of persons included in the target population who were not selected for the study.
One of the topics studied is whether there are differences in employment rates between those receiving and those not receiving a basic income.
The organisation responsible for carrying out the evaluation study will be selected by the Government.
- Press release: The Basic Income Experiment will continue for another year – Analysis of the effects will begin in 2019
- Press release: Contrary to reports, the Basic Income Experiment in Finland will continue until the end of 2018
- Miska Simanainen and Olli Kangas: What experiments in Finland can tell us about basic income
- Olli Kangas, Miska Simanainen and Pertti Honkanen: Basic Income in the Finnish Context
- At 100, Finland projects itself to the world as a dynamic innovator
- Basic income experiment at halfway point
- The OECD and the problems of basic income
- Public attention directed at the individuals participating in the basic income experiment may undermine the reliability of results
- Final report for the Finnish basic income experiment recommends that the experiment be expanded
- The Finnish basic income experiment – ”a foolish and outrageously expensive travesty”?
- Universal basic income: A search for alternative models
- Basic Income Experiment 2017–2018
- Olli Kangas: Can Universal Basic Income solve future Income Security Challenges? Some tentative answers from the Finnish Basic Income (BI) experiment. Presentation at RDW 2017 congress, Geneva, 4 July 2017.
Seminars and events
- Socially Innovative Finland - Spotlight on the basic income experiment and the Finnish maternity package, 12 January 2017
Professor of Practice Olli E. Kangas, University of Turku
olli.kangas[at]utu.fi, +358 45 138 3790
Researcher Miska Simanainen, Kela
miska.simanainen[at]kela.fi, +358 50 552 2095
- Basic Income Experiment 2017–2018
- Brochure: Basic Income Experiment 2017–2018
- Ministry of Social Affairs and Health requests opinions on a basic income experiment (25.8.2016)
- Prof. Olli Kangas: Experimenting basic income in Finland (SlideShare)
- Seminar broadcast: Basic income in a global world (13 April 2016)
- Game On! Is Basic Income Experiencing a Global Window of Opportunity? by Jurgen de Wispelaere (Slideshare)
- From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on a universal basic income completed (30.3.2016)
- Experimental study on a universal basic income (Slideshare)
- Contrary to reports, basic income study still at preliminary stage (8.12.2015)
- Universal basic income options to be weighed (19.11.2015)
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