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Family benefits for adoptive parents
If if the child you are adopting is under 18 years of age, you are entitled to a maternity grant. You can choose to have a maternity package or a tax-free lump sum of €170 as maternity grant.
If you are adopting several children at a time, the number of maternity grants will increase. If, for example, you are adopting 2 children, you will receive 3 grants. To qualify for the maternity grant, you must be entitled to social security coverage in Finland and the provider of adoption services must have identified a specific child for placement in your custody.
You must claim maternity grant within 2 months from the date on which the child was placed in your care. You can claim the maternity grant as soon as the child has been identified for placement with you.
Parental allowance when adopting a child
Parental allowance is payable to adoptive parents. No parental allowance is paid to an adoptive mother or father for the same period unless they are adopting several children at the same time or they are both taking partial parental leave.
The child has been placed in the care of the adoptive parents before 1 April 2019
The granting of parental allowance requires that the adopted child is younger than 7 years and that you care for the child. In other words, you cannot study full-time or work during the parental allowance period. Working on Sundays and other holidays is allowed because parental allowance is only payable for working days. You must also have lived in Finland for at least 180 days immediately before the child was placed in your care.
Parental allowance is paid from the day when the adoptive child is first placed in your care. Adoptive parents will receive parental allowance for an extended period, i.e. for about 8 to 9 months. Parental allowance is paid for at least 200 working days or until 234 working days have passed since the first working day following the day the child was born.
The child has been placed in the care of the adoptive parents on or after 1 April 2019
The granting of parental allowance no longer requires that the parent cares for the child. During the parental leave it is possible to study full-time or work, and in such a case the parental allowance is paid to the minimum amount. You must have lived in Finland for at least 180 days immediately before the child was placed in your care. Parental allowance is paid from the day when the adoptive child is first placed in your care. Adoptive parents will receive parental allowance for an extended period, i.e. for about 8 months. You will receive parental allowance for a maximum of 233 working days from the day when the child was placed in your care.
If the mother has adopted the child alone and she does not have a spouse or partner that would be entitled to paternity allowance at the end of the parental allowance period, she can be granted parental allowance for an extended period of 54 working days.
To claim parental allowance, follow the instructions and enclose proof with the claim that the child has been identified for placement with you or placed in your care (Kela's form SV 94). Claims can be backdated by 2 months from when the child was placed in your care.
Paternity allowance for adoptive fathers
You can claim paternity allowance from Kela and take paternity leave on the same terms as biological fathers.
Adoptive parents are entitled to child benefit in the same way as biological parents.
Child care allowances
Adoptive parents may take child care leave and receive child home care allowance during it. The eligibility rules for the child home care allowance are more flexible for adoptive parents than for other parents. Adoptive parents can be paid child home care allowance also for children over 3 years of age. The allowance is paid until 2 years have passed from the date on which payment of parental allowance started or until the child starts school.
Private day care allowance is payable to adoptive parents with a child under school age who is in the care of a childminder or nanny hired by the parents or looked after by a private day care provider. Adoptive parents may also be eligible for a flexible care allowance for an adoptive child under 3 if they work no more than 30 hours a week.
Adoptive parents may also be eligible for a flexible care allowance and a partial care allowance for a child in the 1st or 2nd year of school, if they work no more than 30 hours a week in order to look after their child.
Child maintenance allowance
If you have adopted a child as a single parent, you may be entitled to child maintenance allowance from Kela.
LGBT families and adoption
See the section titled Benefits for LGBT families for more on adoption, including step-child adoption.