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Employment in Finland
Besides permanent residence, you can also be covered under the Finnish social security system on the basis of employment. Your social security coverage is mainly affected by the country you come from and for how long you plan to work in Finland. If you move to Finland as an employee, the permanent or temporary nature of your residence in Finland is determined, for instance, on the basis of your employment. In addition there should also be other circumstances that indicate residence in Finland. Such circumstances can be, for example, a home or permanent place of residence in Finland.
You can usually be covered under the Finnish social security system from the date of your move to Finland, if you move to Finland on a permanent basis or if you work in Finland for at least 4 months. The working hours and pay must meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment (EUR 1,189 per month in 2018). You can usually become covered under the Finnish social security system pretty extensively even if you are not permanently resident here. However, certain Kela benefits have further entitlement criteria that have to be met in order for you to be granted the benefit.
Trainees, au pairs and others in short-term or low-pay employment are usually not entitled to Finnish social security benefits since the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment are not met. (linkki)
You can also be covered under the Finnish social security system only in part. In certain situations, persons who come to work in Finland for less than four months can be entitled to public health care. Persons who come from an EU or EEA country or from Switzerland can also be entitled to child home care allowance.
Check your social security coverage in Kela's online customer service (in Finnish and in Swedish).
Minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment
Your work must meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment in order for you to become covered under the Finnish social security system on the basis of your work. This does not apply to employees who are considered to move to Finland permanently.
The condition regarding the terms of employment is satisfied if you work at least 18 hours a week and your pay is consistent with the terms of the relevant collective agreement. Where no collective agreement exists, your pay for full-time work must be at least EUR 1,189 per month.
Condition regarding the terms of employment: Temporary workers
If you are a temporary worker you may have a contract on continuous employment with one or several employers. Your employment may also consist of employment periods of differing duration. If your employments in total meet the requirements regarding working hours and pay, you can be covered under the Finnish social security system also on the basis of temporary work.
If you have several employment contracts following one another, coverage under the Finnish social security system depends on whether a period of work of at least 4 months can be considered continuous. This is the case if the individual employment relationships or periods of work are separated by at the most one week.