Maternity allowance

The parental allowance system is being reformed - are you on the right page?

The information on this page applies to your family if:

  • the estimated due date of your baby is before 4 September 2022
  • you are adopting and the child will be placed in your care on or before 30 July 2022.

Click here for further information on parental allowances when the estimated due date of the baby is on or after 4 September 2022.

The maternity leave begins before the expected date of birth for your child. You can take a maternity leave 30-50 working days or about 5-8 weeks before the expected due date. You can choose when to start the leave.

Maternity allowance during the maternity leave

When your maternity leave starts you will begin to get maternity allowance from Kela. It is paid for a total of 105 working days, or about 4 months. Working days are Monday to Saturday, with the exception of official holidays.

When to start the maternity leave?

You can use the calculator linked below to check the start and end dates of your maternity leave. You will need this information when claiming maternity allowance.

Link to the calculator

Inform your employer of your maternity leave at least 2 months before the leave starts. Find out if your employer will pay you a salary during the maternity leave. You will need this information when claiming maternity allowance. Apply for the maternity leave at the latest two months before the expected date of birth for your child. If you are paid a salary during the maternity leave, Kela pays the allowance to your employer.

Entitlement to the maternity allowance

You become entitled to the maternity allowance once you are 154 days into your pregnancy. You must have been covered by the Finnish social security system for at least 180 days immediately before the expected date of birth of your child. This residence requirement can also include time during which you have had health insurance coverage in another EU/EEA country or in Switzerland, the United Kingdom or Israel. If you move to Finland from another country, see the section Moving to Finland for more information.

If your child is born prematurely, you will get maternity allowance from the first working day following the birth of your child. Maternity allowance is usually paid for about 4 months. But the parental allowance, which is paid after the end of the maternity allowance period, is paid for longer than normal.

If a pregnancy is terminated, the mother is entitled to maternity allowance if the pregnancy lasted over 154 days (22 weeks of pregnancy).

Different types of families

Other situations during maternity allowance

After the maternity leave

After the maternity leave you can take a parental leave and get parental allowance. Alternatively, the father can take the parental leave, or you can divide it between yourselves.

After the parental leave you can take a child care leave and get child home care allowance. You can also return to work on a part-time basis and get flexible care allowance.

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