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Other social security benefits and the unemployment benefit
You are not entitled to unemployment benefits if you are entitled to maternity allowance, special maternity allowance, paternity allowance or parental allowance.
The benefits you receive are usually directly deducted from the unemployment benefit. The daily amount of a benefit that is payable monthly is calculated by dividing the benefit amount for the whole month by 21.5.
Child home care allowance
Any child home care allowance being paid to the recipient or his or her spouse/partner is deducted from the unemployment benefit.
However, the child home care allowance of one's spouse/partner is not deducted from the unemployment benefit if the spouse/partner looks after the child himself or herself or the spouse/partner receives at the same time maternity allowance, special maternity allowance, paternity allowance or parental allowance and is therefore not entitled to unemployment benefits.
If the spouse/partner who receives child home care allowance regularly works part-time, studies or has income from self-employment, the child home care allowance is deducted from the spouse’s/partner’s unemployment benefit.
If both the spouses/partners are unemployed, the deduction is made from the unemployment benefit of the spouse/partner who receives child home care allowance.
The following benefits do not affect the amount of the unemployment benefit:
- child benefit
- child support payments or child maintenance allowance
- general housing allowance or pensioners' housing allowance
- social assistance
- care allowance for pensioners or disability allowance
- disability indemnity under the Employment Accidents Act, conscript's allowance or annuity or supplemental annuity under the Military Injuries Act
If you study full-time, you cannot be granted unemployment benefits for the periods of study nor for the holidays between the periods of study. Day-time attendance of an institute of vocational education or higher education studies aimed at the completion of a degree are always regarded as full-time studies.
Incapacity for work due to illness
If you receive sickness allowance, partial sickness allowance, disability pension, rehabilitation subsidy or some other benefit payable on the basis of full incapacity for work, you are not entitled to unemployment benefits.
If you fall ill while unemployed, you are entitled to unemployment benefit for the waiting period stipulated in the Health Insurance Act, since you cannot receive sickness allowance for that period. The waiting period includes the day you fell ill and the 9 following working days. If the sickness allowance after the waiting period is smaller than the unemployment benefit, you will be paid at least 86% of the amount of the unemployment benefit as sickness allowance.
If you, while being unemployed, have received sickness allowance for the maximum period of time (300 days), an application for disability pension is pending or has been turned down and you meet the other qualifying criteria for unemployment benefits, you can still receive an unemployment benefit. Register as an unemployed jobseeker with the TE Services at the latest on the day after the sickness allowance ended.
Most old-age pensions and the unemployment pension are a hindrance for granting unemployment benefits. Disability pensions from abroad reduce the amount of the unemployment benefit.
The amount of the unemployment benefit is also reduced by partial disability pension, supplementary pension arranged for the employee by the employer and disability pension under the National Pensions Act payable due to permanent blindness or mobility disability. The partial early old-age pension is not deducted from the unemployment benefit, but it is taken into account as income in the means-test for the labour market subsidy.