Amount and payment of parental allowances
The amounts of all parental allowances, i.e.
- pregnancy allowance
- special pregnancy allowance
- parental allowance
- partial parental allowance
are calculated in the same way. The method of calculating the amount of parental allowances has not changed with the upcoming the family leave reform. You can estimate the amount of parental allowances by using the calculator (in Finnish).
The amount of your allowance is based on your annual income. Your annual income is calculated for the 12 calendar months prior to the calendar month that precedes the start of your entitlement to the benefit.
Parental allowances are paid for working days. Working days are Monday to Saturday, with the exception of midweek holidays. A midweek holiday is a holiday that falls on some other day than a Sunday.
The minimum rate
You are granted the allowance at the minimum rate if you have had no income at all or if your annual income is lower than the income limit entitling to the minimum rate.
In 2022, the minimum rate of the allowance is 29.67 euros per working day.
Increased pregnancy and parental allowance
Pregnancy allowance is paid at an increased rate throughout the entire period. Parental allowance is paid at an increased rate for the first 16 working days. The increased allowance is 90% of your earnings, at the maximum. The increase applies to all parental allowance days, including parental allowance days that you have turned over to someone else. Each person who gets parental allowance will get the increase only once.
Parental allowances payable for the same child
Different parental allowances that are paid for the same child are calculated on the basis of the same income. When you go from being on one allowance to another, for example when you start getting parental allowance after having been paid pregnancy allowance, or you start a new parental allowance period after an earlier period of parental allowance, the income on the basis of which the allowance is calculated remains the same.
Another baby within 3 years
If the estimated due date of your baby is before your previous child turns 3 years old, you can get parental allowance on the basis of the same income that was used to calculate the allowance for your previously born child.
This rule can always be applied, when the estimated due date of a new baby is before the previously born child turns 3.
Similarly, adoptive parents can get parental allowance for a previously adopted child, if the child is placed in the care of the adoptive parents before 3 years have passed since a previously adopted child was placed in their care.
When the annual income on the basis of which the previous parental allowance was calculated is used to calculate the new parental allowance, the annual earnings are adjusted by a wage coefficient. This may result in a slight change in the amount of the allowance, even if the annual income used to calculate the allowance remains the same.
You do not have to notify Kela that you want your parental allowance to be calculated on the basis of your previous income. Kela will automatically calculate whether it will be more favourable for you to receive parental allowances based on the new annual income or on the same income as for your previous child.
Maternity and special maternity allowances are paid in arrears up to 25 working days.
Kela sends the data on parental allowances paid out to the national incomes register within five days of the date of payment.
Visit Kela's e-service to check the next payment date. Log in using your online banking user ID and password or a mobile certificate.