Maternity, paternity and parental allowances in other situations

The maternity, special maternity, paternity and parental allowances are all calculated in the same way. They are usually calculated on the basis of earned income for the previous year, as confirmed for tax purposes. If you do not have earned income, you get the allowance at a minimum rate. The allowance can also be calculated based on a preceding unemployment benefit, student financial aid benefit or rehabilitation allowance, if that would result in a larger allowance than a calculation based on earned income.

Payment to unemployed

  • If you have been paid an unemployment benefit for at least one day during the 4 months preceding the maternity, paternity or parental allowance, your allowance will usually be 86% of the preceding benefit.
  • If you have received an adjusted unemployment benefit where your pay has been taken into consideration, the amount of parental allowance due to you is calculated based on the full amount of your unemployment benefit.
  • If you have received labour market subsidy which has reduced some other benefit (e.g. child home-care allowance) that you have received, or which has been affected by your capital income, the amount of parental allowance due to you is calculated based on the full amount of the unemployment allowance paid to you.

Not considered as part of the unemployment benefit are maintenance compensations, the increased earnings-related amount of the earnings-related unemployment allowance, the earnings-related amount of transition assistance, the additional amount or supplemental transition assistance of the basic unemployment allowance, or the additional amount of the labour market subsidy. However, child increases are taken into consideration.

If you had earned income before becoming unemployed, you can declare it for the purpose of calculating your maternity, paternity or parental allowance.  If your employer is unable to report pay details to Kela, you can submit a salary certificate yourself. You can declare your earned income for up to 6 months. It must have been earned in the year in which payment of the allowance begins or the preceding calendar year.

Payment to persons in rehabilitation

If you were paid rehabilitation allowance for at least one day during the 6 months preceding the maternity, paternity or parental allowance, your allowance will be at least equal to the rehabilitation allowance, not including any supplementary amounts.

Payment to students

For students, parental allowance can be calculated either on the basis of earnings or study grant, depending on which of them is higher. If parental allowance is paid on the basis of earnings, the taxed earnings for the last complete tax year (in 2015, this means the earnings for 2013) or alternatively the earnings during the preceding six months, are checked in the case of students who have been working regularly alongside their studies and whose earnings are 20% higher than their taxed earnings for the last complete tax year.

If you have no earnings at all, the allowance is paid on the basis of the study grant. You are paid the maternity, paternity or parental allowance at least at the minimum rate. You can calculate the allowance available to you with this calculator.

If you study during the maternity or parental leave and get financial aid, you will be paid the maternity, paternity or parental allowance at the minimum rate regardless of the basis of calculation which would otherwise have been used.

If you have received several different benefits

If you have received several of the above mentioned benefits, your allowance is determined based on the most recent benefit prior to the beginning of the maternity, paternity or parental allowance period.

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service

Conscripts, reservists in refresher training and persons performing alternative civilian service can take paternity leave and get a paternity allowance from Kela. The paternity allowance will be paid at the minimum rate.

You must participate in the care of your child to qualify for the allowance. This means that you must be on paternity or other leave of absence from the service. Ask the Finnish Defence Forces or the civilian service how long you can be on paternity leave.

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