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Preliminary study considered alternatives for implementing the basic income experiment
The purpose of the preliminary study on the basic income experiment was to analyse various models that could be used as a basis for implementing the experiment.
Launched at the end of October 2015, the preliminary study was carried out by a research team led by Kela. The team submitted its preliminary report to the Minister of Social Affairs and Health on 30 March 2016. The Government of Juha Sipilä then prepared a bill on the basic income experiment which was passed by Parliament in December 2016.
The research group presented its final report to the Minister of Social Affairs and Health on 16 December 2016. The basic income experiment was launched on 1 January 2017.
In its interim report, the preliminary analysis study group looked at alternative basic income models
The research team presented its preliminary report to Hanna Mäntylä, Minister of Social Affairs and Health, on 30 March 2016.
The report brings together information about different basic income models and about the results of experiments in which such models have been tried out. It also estimates the effects that different basic income models could have.
- Press release: From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on a universal basic income completed
- Report: From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on alternatives for implementing a basic income experiment (in Finnish)
- Report: From idea to experiment – Report on universal basic income experiment in Finland (PDF)
- Video recording of the formal presentation of the report
- Materials from the formal presentation of the report
Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities: Perustulo voi mullistaa kuntien talouden ja palvelut (Basic income could bring about a transformation in municipal financing and services)
The final report on the preliminary analysis recommended an expanded experiment
The research group submitted its final report on 16 December 2016 to Pirkko Mattila, Ministry of Social Affairs and Health.
The group recommends expanding the basic income experiment in 2018. The sample size should be increased, and other low-income individuals besides the unemployed should be included.
- Press release: Research team recommends expansion of basic income experiment in 2018
- Report: From idea to experiments - Final report on alternatives for implementing a basic income experiment (in Finnish)
Members on the research group
The preliminary report was drawn up by
- Kela's research organisation
- University of Helsinki
- University of Tampere
- University of Eastern Finland
- University of Turku
- Sitra Innovation Fund
- Policy institute Tänk
- VATT Institute for Economic Research.
The Federation of Finnish Entrepreneurs and experts on municipal affairs, tax law and constitutional matters also contributed to the project. The project was headed by Professor Olli Kangas, former director of government and community relations at Kela and now at the University of Turku.
It was carried out as part of the Government's analysis and research plan for 2015.