Right to unemployment benefits

Unemployment benefits can be paid to unemployed jobseekers between 18 and 64 years of age who are resident in Finland and who

  • are fit for work
  • are available to the labour market
  • look for a full-time job
  • are in need of financial assistance

In order to qualify for unemployment benefits, you must comply with the requirements of the employment plan that the TE Services or the municipal authorities draw up with you. You also need to keep your registration as a jobseeker valid with the TE Services. The TE Services or the municipal authorities will issue a labour policy statement concerning your right to the unemployment benefits available from Kela.

If you are 17 years old, you can be granted an unemployment benefit if you have completed compulsory education or had to interrupt the completion of compulsory education for instance because of a long-term illness.

Persons between 65 and 67 years of age can normally be paid unemployment benefits only when temporarily laid off from their job.

Other entitlement criteria for unemployment benefits

In order to qualify for the basic unemployment allowance you must meet the work requirement.

The labour market subsidy is means-tested, which means that the amount of the benefit is affected by your income as well as by your parents' income if you live with them in the same household.

On certain conditions, basic unemployment allowance can also be paid when you look for work abroad. Labour market subsidy is not payable if you leave Finland to look for work abroad.

Certain social security benefits can hinder the payment of unemployment benefits.

Who is not eligible for unemployment benefits?

Unemployment benefits cannot be awarded to applicants who

  • perform conscript or alternative civilian service
  • are serving a prison sentence
  • are in hospital or other institutional care
  • cannot take on a job for some other comparable reason.

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