Special maternity allowance

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The information on this page applies to your family if:

  • the estimated due date of your baby is before 4 September 2022
  • you are adopting and the child will be placed in your care on or before 30 July 2022.

Click here for further information on parental allowances when the estimated due date of the baby is on or after 4 September 2022.

You can get a special maternity allowance if you have to stay off work before the maternity allowance period, and

  • you are in your work exposed to chemical substances, radiation or an infectious disease
  • the possibility of exposure cannot be prevented, and
  • your employer cannot reassign you for the duration of the pregnancy.

The risk factors are defined in the Health Insurance Decree.

Another requirement for receiving special maternity allowance is that you must have been covered by the Finnish social security system for at least 180 days immediately before the expected due date. This residence requirement can also include time during which you have had health insurance coverage in another EU/EEA country, Switzerland, the United Kingdom or Israel. If you move to Finland from another country, see the section From other countries to Finland.

Any special maternity allowance you receive does not reduce the regular maternity allowance. The special maternity allowance is paid until the maternity allowance period begins. If the circumstances at work can be made safe or the contract of employment ends, payment of the special maternity allowance ends as well. You cannot work for another employer while in receipt of the special maternity allowance.

Claim the special maternity allowance online

Send the application and supporting documents online. Log in to the e-service using your online banking codes or a mobile certificate.

Claim now

The special maternity allowance is paid at the same rate as the regular maternity allowance. If you are paid by your employer while in receipt of the special maternity allowance, your employer will claim compensation from Kela.

Different types of families

Mothers of multiple-birth, single-parent and stepfamilies can take out special maternity leave on the same conditions as everyone else. Adoptive mothers are not eligible for the special maternity allowance.

How to claim

  1. Claim within 4 months of your last day at work before maternity leave.
  2. Claim special maternity allowance online.
  3. Scan or take a photo of supporting documents and send them online. Enclose with the claim:
  4. The amount of the special maternity allowance is based on your income.
    • The maternity allowance is determined on the basis of an annual income. Kela usually receives information on wages and salaries from the national incomes register, so this information need not be reported to Kela separately.  Read more on the annual income.
    • If you are paid a salary during the special maternity leave, declare that on the claim. The special maternity allowance is paid to your employer for the period during which you are paid a salary. In this case the employer has to file a claim of their own.
    • If the expected due date of your child comes before the second-youngest child is 3 years old, and you claim the immediately preceding allowance based on the second-youngest child, you need not state that in the claim. This information will be available to Kela automatically when dealing with your claim.
  5. You can claim maternity and parental allowance at the same time if your pregnancy has lasted at least 154 days.
  6. Visit our e-service to see if your application has been decided, how much you will get and when you will be paid. You can also see any possible reminders concerning, for instance, documents missing from your application. A written decision on your application will be sent to you by post.

Alternatively, you can complete and print out the application form for Parental benefits for mothers (SV 9e, PDF). Mail your application along with the supporting documents to Kela, PL 10, 00056 KELA.

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