Concepts: Statistics on child care allowances

Statistical units


Recorded as recipients are persons who received a payment with a non-zero amount in the reference period. The child home care allowance, the partial care allowance and the flexible care allowance are paid to the child’s parent or other legal provider. The private day care allowance is paid directly to the private childminder or day care provider. However, for the purpose of the statistics, the recipient of the private day care allowance is the parent who applied for the allowance. 


The number of children includes the children for whom a child home care allowance, private day care allowance, partial care allowance or flexible care allowance was paid during the reference period.

Benefit expenditure

The benefit expenditure includes all payments of child care allowances made by Kela in the reference period. The benefit expenditure corresponds to the information in Kela’s accounting records concerning expenditure on child care allowances.

Statistical classifications


Refers to the age of the recipient or the child at the end of the reference year.


For the recipient, the municipality in which he or she was resident at the end of the year. Children’s municipality of residence is determined according to their parent’s or provider municipality of residence. The classification by regions is based on the municipality of residence. The statistics only cover mainland Finland. Kela does not administer child care allowances in the Åland Islands.

To facilitate regional comparisons, certain statistical data have been adjusted to regional population totals. The population data are based on Kela’s database of general data, and refer to the situation at the end of the year.

Allowance component

The allowance components are the care allowance, the care supplement and the municipal supplement.

Place of care

The place of care of the child entitled to a child care allowance. It can be a private residence (with the child’s parent or another person as child care provider), a private day care provider (family day care, day care centre, group day care or day care provider with a contact of employment), municipal day care, comprehensive school, or pre-school. A child may have several places of care.