Unemployment benefit in the coronavirus situation
If you have become unemployed or temporarily laid off, you should always first register as an unemployed jobseeker with the TE Services.
If you are a member of an unemployment fund and meet a specified work requirement, apply for earnings-related unemployment benefit in accordance with the guidelines of your unemployment fund (tyj.fi, The Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland).
If you are not a member of an unemployment fund, or you do not meet the specified work requirement, you can apply to Kela for unemployment benefits.
Changes that have ended on 30 November 2021
Many temporary legislative changes have ended on 30 November 2021. If you apply for an unemployment benefit retroactively, Kela can apply the legal provisions whose validity has ended to your case. Applications for unemployment benefits can be backdated for up to 3 months.
Starting 1 December 2021, applications for unemployment benefits are processed in the following manner:
- For application periods that start on or after 1 December, the exempt amount in connection with unemployment benefits is 279 euros if your benefit is paid every four weeks, or up to 300 euros if your benefit is paid on a monthly basis. The exempt amount is the amount a recipient of unemployment benefits can earn without it reducing their benefits. During the coronavirus epidemic, the exempt amount has been 465 or 500 euros.
- A commuting and relocation allowance is available if you accept a full-time job which requires you to travel more than 3 hours to get to and from work, or if you move a comparable distance to be closer to your place of work. The criteria concern employment relationships that start on or after 1 December. It has been possible to get commuting and relocation allowance for travels to and from work of more than 2 hours during the period 12 June 2020-30 November 2021.
- Self-employed persons are not entitled to labour market subsidy if the entrepreneurial activity still continues. Kela can pay temporary labour market subsidy for self-employed persons until 30 November 2021. Self-employed persons will regain eligibility for labour market subsidy for the period 1 January-28 February 2022.
Change to speed up the processing of applications will continue to the end of 2022
The processing of applications for unemployment benefits will continue so that the earnings are adjusted with the unemployment benefit in periods of four weeks or one month even when the period includes days for which the applicant is not entitled to unemployment benefits. Wages paid during the period are thus taken into account in the adjustment even if there is no entitlement to unemployment benefits for the day the wages are paid. These criteria will be effective 11 May 2020 - 31 December 2022.