If you become unemployed or finish school and do not have a job, contact the employment office as soon as possible to register as an unemployed job seeker. Once registered, you are eligible for
- Unemployment Allowance (basic or earnings-related allowance) or
- Labour Market Subsidy.
Earnings-related Unemployment Allowance is claimed from your unemployment fund. It is available to members of an unemployment fund only and can be paid for up to 500 days. For more information about the earnings-related Unemployment Allowance, see the website of the Federation of Unemployment Funds in Finland or contact your unemployment fund.
Basic Unemployment Allowance and Labour Market Subsidy are claimed from Kela. To qualify for the Basic Unemployment Allowance, you must meet a specific condition regarding your employment history (i.e., you must have been employed for at least 8 months during the two years preceding the unemployment). Basic Unemployment Allowance is paid for a maximum of 500 days.
If you do not meet the condition, you may be eligible for Labour Market Subsidy. It is payable to unemployed job seekers who enter the labour market for the first time or otherwise have no recent work experience It can also be paid to long-term unemployed persons who have exhausted their 500-day eligibility for the basic or earnings-related Unemployment Allowance.
Unemployed immigrants are paid Labour Market Subsidy in the form of Integration Assistance for the first 3 years of their residence in Finland.
During participation in labour market training, unemployed persons can be paid either Labour Market Subsidy or Unemployment Allowance in combination with a maintenance allowance.
Aging unemployed persons who satisfy the condition regarding previous employment are eligible for an extended Unemployment Allowance and can avail themselves of a kind of unemployment path to retirement. Persons born before 1950 can seek an Unemployment Pension.
Temporarily laid off
If you are temporarily laid off and you do not receive earnings-related unemployment allowance, you can claim basic unemployment allowance or labour market subsidy.