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Both parents can take parental leave. During the parental leave, Kela pays parental allowance for 158 working days (about half a year). Working days are Monday to Saturday, with the exception of official holidays.
Your child will be about 9 months old when your entitlement to the parental allowance ends. Payment will end sooner if you begin to receive maternity or paternity on account of the birth of another child.
The parental allowance is paid for more than 158 working days if the child was born before payment of the maternity allowance began. In that case, payment of the parental allowance is extended by as many days as the maternity allowance period was brought forward.
Period of payment
Use the parental allowance calculator to see the period for which you can get parental allowance.Link to the calculator
Mothers who are raising a child on their own can receive parental allowance for an additional 54 working days, if the payment period for maternity, paternity or parental allowance starts on 1 April 2019, at the earliest. The extension is available only if paternity has not been confirmed and the mother does not have a spouse or partner who is entitled to paternity allowance.
File your claim at least a month before the payment of the parental allowance is set to start.
Parental leave is for both parents
Parents can agree between themselves how to use the parental leave entitlement. They can split the parental leave, or only one parent can go on leave.
They cannot both be on parental leave at the same time (with the exception of parents of multiple births). Each parent can take their parental leave in one or two blocks of time.
The mother and the father can work during the parental leave. The parental allowance is paid at a minimum rate for those who work. Working on Sundays or other holidays does not affect the parental allowance.
Working refers to all kinds of gainful activity, including telecommuting from home or being on call or standby. Further, it includes working in a company owned personally or by a family member, agricultural and forestry work, independent scientific work, and holding an office of public trust (other than one associated with the municipal government) which is related to one's principal employment or comes with monetary compensation. Being an informal or family caregiver is also considered as a gainful activity.
The mother and the father can take a partial parental leave at the same time, if both work on a part-time basis and are paid a partial parental allowance.
If the mother or father is a full-time student and receives financial aid for students, a minimum-rate parental allowance is paid on top of the financial aid. If a parent does not take out any financial aid, the parental allowance is paid out at the full normal rate.