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From other countries to Finland
If you move to Finland on a permanent basis, you are usually covered under the Finnish social security system from the date of moving to Finland. You can also receive benefits from Kela.
Kela determines whether you are considered to live in Finland on a permanent basis. This determination is affected by, for instance, such factors as whether you are a returning migrant or if you have close family ties to a person who resides permanently in Finland. Employment in Finland also affects the determination. If you have already stayed in Finland for one year, this can later be taken as proof that you live in Finland on a permanent basis.
You must have a residence permit for at least one year, if you are required to get one. Residence permits are issued by the Finnish Immigration Service. If you are a citizen of an EU or EEA country or a Swiss citizen you do not need a residence permit. However, if you stay in Finland for more than 3 months, you must register with the Finnish Immigration Service within 3 months of arriving in Finland.
Apply for coverage under the Finnish social security system via Kela's online customer service (in Finnish or in Swedish) or on form Y 77e. You will receive a written decision that will be sent to the address you have stated. You can check the status of your application and your coverage under the social security system in Kela's online customer service.
Temporary stay in Finland
If your stay in Finland is temporary, you will normally not be entitled to benefits from Kela. For instance students are considered to have moved to Finland only temporarily, if the only reason for the move to Finland is to study here and the student does not have any other ties to Finland. You are usually also not considered to have moved to Finland on a permanent basis, if you are an asylum seeker, jobseeker, au pair or trainee.
If you are covered under the social security system of another EU country, you cannot at the same time be covered under the Finnish social security system. You can usually also not be covered under the Finnish social security system if you receive benefits from some other EU country.
You are usually covered under the social security system of another country if:
- you are a posted worker from another EU or EEA country or from Switzerland
- you are a cross-border worker who moves to Finland or who lives in Finland. You work in another EU or EEA country or in Switzerland, however
- you are employed by a foreign government or an intergovernmental organisation or you are a family member of such an employee, and you are not a Finnish citizen.