Types of expenses for which you can get basic social assistance
Basic social assistance may be available to individuals and families whose income and assets do not cover their essential daily expenses. Basic social assistance consists of a basic amount and other basic expenses.
The basic amount is a fixed sum of money towards the essential costs of daily living, such as food and clothing.
The basic amount is a fixed sum of money needed for the essential costs of daily living.
The basic amount covers the following:
- minor medical expenses (e.g., over-the-counter medication)
- personal hygiene and keeping your home clean
- public transport
- newspaper subscription
- telephone and internet
- hobbies and recreation
- other comparable expenses of daily living.
This means that such essential costs are not examined separately, but are covered collectively by the basic amount. Therefore, you need not present evidence (e.g. receipts or invoices) for expenses covered by the basic amount. A separate basic amount is calculated for each family member. Example showing how the basic amount is calculated.
For persons living alone, the basic amount is €502.21 in 2020.
More information about the basic amount.
Other basic expenses
The following are other basic expenses which are taken into account up to a reasonable amount:
- housing (e.g., rent, maintenance charge, upkeep costs for a single-family home, household electricity and home insurance)
- necessary moving costs
- other medical expenses apart from those covered by the basic amount (e.g., health centre user fees, copayments on prescription medicines, and eyeglasses)
- daycare costs and the costs for before and after school programmes
- if a child's parents live in separate households, the costs incurred by the non-custodial parent for seeing the child, to the extent that they are based on an agreement confirmed by the municipal social services office or on a court decision
- cost of obtaining a necessary identity, residence or travel document.
You must be prepared to show proof of your expenses (for example in the form of a rental agreement or invoice). Usually Kela recognises the expenses as such unless they are considered to be unreasonably large.
Bills are handled on the basis of the original due date, and not for example on the basis of the due date in the payment reminder.
Expenses for which you receive compensation from some other source (such as a compensation from the insurance company for eyeglasses) are not recognised for social assistance.
Social assistance is a benefit of last resort. Therefore, it does not cover expenses for which you are compensated out of some other scheme or through some other benefit.
How basic social assistance is calculated
The right to basic social assistance is determined by estimating, on the basis of the Social Assistance Act, the amount of assistance needed by the applicant and by calculating the applicant's income and expenditure.
- Income includes the after-tax income available to the applicant and his or her family and any assets that they have.
- Expenses are defined as the expenses covered by the basic amount and other essential basic expenses.
- If the recognised expenses are higher than the income, the difference between the expenses and income is paid to the applicant as social assistance.
Kela will usually grant basic social assistance for one or two months at a time. After that it is possible to renew your application and receive additional assistance. If you do not expect your income or circumstances to change, you can apply for assistance for more than one or two months. Based on your circumstances, Kela will evaluate for how long a period you can get assistance. You will be contacted if additional information is required. If there is a change in your income or circumstances, be sure to tell Kela about that.
Basic social assistance can be granted for a period shorter than one month. In that case the amount of assistance per day is calculated by dividing the basic amount for the full month by 30.
You can estimate whether you can get basic social assistance with this calculator (in Finnish).