Quick guide for pensioners
You can receive a national pension from Kela if your earnings-related pension is small or if you do not receive any earnings-related pension. The quick guide provides an overview of when you can receive a national pension from Kela or some other benefits for pensioners.
Where does the pension come from?
National pension or earnings-related pension?
Kela pays the national pensions. The national pension benefits include old-age pensions and disability pensions. Kela pays out national pensions and guarantee pensions if your earnings-related pensions are small or you receive no earnings-related pension.
The earnings-related pension is paid by the authorised pension provider with which you were last insured.Read more
Lowered capacity for work
When payment of sickness allowance ends
If you remain unfit for work because of an illness or injury and cannot get sickness allowance any more, you can apply for a rehabilitation subsidy or a disability pension. It can be paid by your authorised pension provider, by Kela, or by both.Read more
Apply rehabilitation subsidy or disability pension
Apply rehabilitation subsidy or disability pension from FPA, pension provider or both.Read more
Kela sends you a decision on your pension
Kela grants the disability pension on application and sends you a decision. It may take over 10 weeks to receive a decision.Read more
Eligibility for guarantee pension
Check if you are entitled to a guarantee pension. The guarantee pension secures a minimum pension. You can apply for a guarantee pension verbally or via Kela's online service.Read more
You will receive a decision on the guarantee
Kela awards a guarantee pension on application and sends you a decision regarding the pension.
Old-age pension from Kela
Amount of the old-age pension
Old-age pensions are paid by authorised pension providers and by Kela. Kela pays you an old-age pension if your earnings-related pension is small or if you receive no earnings-related pension.Read more
Will you retire on an earnings-related pension before reaching the age of 65?
You can choose whether to apply to Kela for an early old-age pension if your retirement age in the earnings-related pension scheme is lower than 65 years. In that case, the national pension will be reduced by an early retirement reduction. You can apply for a national pension at the same time as the earnings-related pension. If you do not apply for an early old-age pension at this stage, you should apply for an old-age pension when you reach the age of 65.Read more
Old-age pension from Kela at age 65
If your earnings-related pension is small, you should apply for an old-age pension with Kela some months before you reach the age of 65. You can apply for a national pension at the same time as the earnings-related pension.Read more
Kela sends you a decision on your pension
Kela grants the old-age pension on application and sends you a decision. It may take about 7 weeks to receive a decision.Read more
Pensions are subject to tax
When you retire, send your tax card to Kela
When you have retired you should send the tax card for pension income to Kela and the authorised pension provider after you have received the pension decision. You will not have to send the tax card again later. In the coming years Kela will receive the taxation data directly from the Tax Administration.Read more
Retired with children under the age of 16
Apply for an increase for children if you have children under the age of 16 years
If you are drawing a pension and you care for a child or children aged under 16 years, you can apply for a child increase from Kela.Read more
Kela grants child increase
The child increase will end automatically when the child reaches the age of 16.
Assistance with housing costs
Housing allowance for pensioners: Assistance with housing costs
If your income in retirement is small you should check if you qualify for housing allowance for pensioners or general housing allowance. You may be able to get housing allowance for pensioners if you are in receipt of a qualifying pension, live alone or together with your spouse or partner, or if the other persons living with you also receive a pension that qualifies them for the housing allowance for pensioners. Otherwise you can claim general housing allowance.Read more
Kela calculates the amount of housing allowance payable
The amount of the housing allowance for pensioners equals 85% of the housing costs that are taken into account after deduction for the basic deductible and the additional deductible that is determined according to the earnings. The allowance is available for rented, owner-occupied, right-of-occupancy and partial-ownership homes.Read more
Housing allowance is granted by Kela
You will receive a decision on the housing allowance within approximately 4 weeks.Read more
Report any changes in your circumstances as soon as possible
Many changes in your circumstances, for example a change in your family situation, housing costs or income, may affect the amount of housing allowance you can get. Your housing allowance must be reviewed after such a change, so tell Kela of any changes in your circumstances. Even if there are no changes, Kela will review the amount of housing allowance you get every two years.Read more
Other assistance for pensioners
Reimbursements for medicine expenses
If you fall ill you can receive reimbursement for prescription medicines. You can receive the reimbursement directly at the pharmacy if you have your Kela card with you.Read more
Costs for travelling to healthcare facility
You can get reimbursement for your travel costs in connection with the treatment of an illness.Read more
If your health deteriorates while retired
If your health deteriorates permanently in retirement, check if you can receive care allowance for pensioners.Read more