Social security coverage for civil servants, diplomats and personnel at diplomatic missions
The category civil servants includes the employees of the state or municipal government and the employees of other public-sector employers.
Civil servants who work in an EU or EEA country or Switzerland are entitled to benefits while working abroad. Civil servants working under an employment contract must have been covered under the social security system already before the employment starts. You will receive an A1 certificate on your status from the Finnish Centre for Pensions. The employer files a notification with Kela.
Diplomats and personnel at foreign diplomatic missions
The category diplomatic staff includes the persons posted to a diplomatic mission of Finland. If you work for the Finnish government in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland and you are part of the posted personnel, you will always be entitled to social security coverage in Finland without any time limits.
Locally hired personnel at a Finnish diplomatic mission in an EU or EEA country or Switzerland are covered under the social security system of the country of employment.
You will always be covered under the Finnish social security system for the whole posting if you work:
- in a country other than an EU or EEA country or Switzerland
- as an employee of the Finnish government
- as a person posted to a diplomatic mission abroad.
Whether you have been covered under the Finnish social security system before the employment starts is not significant.
Persons hired locally at diplomatic missions abroad and other workers employed by the Finnish government are covered under the Finnish social security system only when they were covered under the system already before the employment starts.