Social security coverage for employees and self-employed persons
Employees and self-employed persons who stay in an EU or EEA country or Switzerland are usually entitled to social security coverage in the country of employment regardless of the duration of the employment or their country of residence. You will be covered under the social security system of the country of employment if your employment meets the minimum requirements regarding, for instance, working hours and pay. The requirements vary from country to country.Persons working in an EU or EEA country or in Switzerland are normally entitled to the same social security coverage and the same benefits as the citizens of the country of employment. Read more about the payment of benefits.
The entitlement to social security coverage in Finland for persons who work in some other country than an EU or EEA country or Switzerland is determined on the basis of the duration and purpose of the stay abroad. If the employment abroad lasts for a maximum of 6 months, you are usually still entitled to Kela benefits. Persons who work abroad for more than 6 months cannot receive benefits, unless there are special grounds for the payment of the benefit, e.g. a posting abroad.
While working in a country outside the EU area you can at the same time also be entitled to social security coverage in the country of employment even if you receive benefits from Finland. Always check beforehand the requirements for coverage under the social security system with the authorities in the country of employment.
Persons who work in a country with a social security agreement with Finland should check the relevant social security agreement. The coverage under the social security system is usually determined on the basis of the duration of the stay abroad and the benefits that the social security agreement concerns.
Short-term employment abroad
Persons who work abroad for a very short period or in low-paid jobs (e.g. trainees and au pairs) will not necessarily become entitled to social security coverage in the country of employment. Short-term employment and low-paid jobs usually do not meet the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment. In such cases you may be entitled to Kela benefits if you stay abroad for a maximum of 6 months.