Social security coverage in other situations

Moving abroad?

Notify Kela if you are moving abroad.

Notification form

Trainees and au pairs

Trainees and au pairs often do not qualify for social security in their country of employment because their period of employment is too short or their wage too small. In this case, you can retain your coverage under the Finnish social security system if you stay abroad for less than one year. However, if the work meets the minimum requirements regarding the length of the employment and the wage, you will usually become covered under the social security system of the country of employment (EU and EEA countries and Switzerland). You cannot be covered under the Finnish social security system at the same time.

If the job training or work as au pair lasts for more than one year, your right to social security coverage in Finland will end when you leave Finland. Be sure to find out whether you have a right to social security coverage in your country of employment.

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland are covered under the social security system of the country of service.

For persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service in some other country than an EU or EEA country or Switzerland the duration of the stay abroad determines their right to coverage under the Finnish social security system. You can retain your coverage under the Finnish social security system if you stay abroad for less than one year. If you will stay longer than one year, your right to social security in Finland will end.

Athletes

Those who work as professional athletes abroad are usually covered under the social security system of the country of employment if the country in question is an EU or EEA country or Switzerland. In other situations your right to social security from Finland depends on the temporary vs. permanent nature of your residence abroad.