Social security coverage in other situations

Trainees and au pairs

Trainees and au pairs often do not receive social security benefits in their country of employment because their period of employment is too short or their wage too small. In this case, you can still receive benefits from Kela if you stay abroad up to 6 months. However, if the work meets the minimum requirements regarding the length of the employment and the wage, you will usually become covered under the social security system of the country of employment (EU and EEA countries and Switzerland). You cannot receive benefits from Finland at the same time.

Moving abroad?

Notify Kela if you are moving abroad.

Notification form

If the job training or work as au pair lasts for more than 6 months, your right to social security coverage in Finland will end when you leave Finland. Be sure to find out whether you have a right to social security coverage in your country of employment.

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service in another EU or EEA country or Switzerland are entitled to social security coverage in the country of service.

For persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service in some other country than an EU or EEA country or Switzerland, the duration of the stay abroad determines their right to coverage under the Finnish social security system. You can still receive benefits if you stay abroad up to 6 months. If your stay abroad lasts more than 6 months, the entitlement to Kela benefits will end.

Athletes

Those who work as professional athletes abroad are usually entitled to social security coverage in the country of employment if the country in question is an EU or EEA country or Switzerland. In other situations, your right to social security coverage in Finland depends on the temporary (less than 6 months) vs. permanent nature of your residence abroad.