Social security coverage in other situations

Returnees

Persons who return to Finland and who have previously been covered under the Finnish social security system usually become covered under the Finnish social security system straight away.

If you have been granted a residence permit for at least one year on the basis of your Finnish origins, you will usually become covered under the Finnish social security system starting right from the date of your move to Finland.

Refugees and holders of a residence permit

If you have come to Finland as an asylum seeker and you have been granted a residence permit on the basis of asylum or subsidiary protection, you are covered under the Finnish social security system from the date when the residence permit was issued if you plan to take up permanent residence in Finland. If you are granted a residence permit in Finland you are eligible for the same Kela benefits and other social security services as other permanent residents. The decision on eligibility for Kela benefits cannot be made before a residence permit has been granted. The cash reception allowance paid to asylum seekers is not provided by Kela.

If you enter Finland as a “quota refugee”, you are covered under the Finnish social security system as soon as you enter Finland. If you have been given a residence permit by virtue of your need for temporary protection or a similar reason, you are not considered to be moving to Finland permanently and you are not covered under the Finnish social security system.

Unemployed job seekers

You can move to Finland from another EU or EEA country or Switzerland for up to 6 months to look for work if you have an U2 certificate from your country of origin. While you are looking for work you are covered under the social security system of the country that granted you the U2 certificate. You cannot be covered under the Finnish social security system at the same time.

If you have a European Health Insurance Card and an U2 certificate issued by another EU or EEA country or Switzerland, you are entitled to medically necessary treatment in Finland.

If you find work in Finland, you can be covered under the Finnish social security system on the basis of your employment. If you do not find work but decide to stay in Finland, your coverage is determined by reference to whether you are considered to live in Finland permanently. For instance family ties can be an indication of permanent residence.

If you come from a country that has a social security agreement with Finland, the temporary or permanent nature of your move to Finland determines whether you qualify for coverage under the Finnish social security system. You can be covered under the Finnish social security system if your intention is to take up permanent residence in Finland.

If you look for work in Finland and come from some other country than an EU or EEA country, Switzerland or a country that has a social security agreement with Finland, you cannot normally gain social security coverage in Finland. However, if your intention is to move to Finland on a permanent basis and your other circumstances also indicate permanent residence in Finland, you can be covered under the Finnish social security system.

Trainees and au pairs

Trainees and au pairs are usually not covered under the Finnish social security system. If the work lasts for at least four months and meets the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment, you are covered under the social security system as an employee.

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service

Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service who come to Finland from an EU or EEA country or Switzerland are covered under the Finnish social security system for the duration of the service.

If you come to Finland from a country outside the EU area, you can be covered under the Finnish social security system only if you move to Finland on a permanent basis and your intention is to stay here also after the service.

Athletes

Professional athletes are compared to employees. If you work in Finland for 4 months or longer and your work meets the minimum requirements regarding the terms of employment, you can be covered under the Finnish social security system.

If you come from a country outside the EU/EEA area, you need a residence permit for employees.