Social security coverage in other situations
Persons who return to Finland and who have previously been covered under the Finnish social security system usually become entitled to benefits straight away.
If you have been granted a residence permit for at least one year on the basis of your Finnish origins, you will usually become entitled to benefits starting right from the date of your move to Finland.
Refugees and holders of a residence permit
If you have come to Finland as an asylum seeker and you have been granted a residence permit on the basis of asylum or subsidiary protection, you are entitled to social security coverage from the date when the residence permit was issued if you plan to take up permanent residence in Finland. If you are granted a residence permit in Finland you are eligible for the same Kela benefits and other social security benefits as all permanent residents. Kela does not pay benefits to asylum seekers while the application for asylum is being processed.
If you enter Finland as a “quota refugee”, you become entitled to social security coverage as soon as you enter Finland.
Unemployed job seekers
You can move to Finland from another EU or EEA country or Switzerland for up to 6 months to look for work if you have an U2 form from your country of origin. While you are looking for a job you receive unemployment benefits from the country that issued the form. You cannot receive benefits from Finland at the same time.
If you have a European Health Insurance Card and an U2 form issued by another EU or EEA country or Switzerland, you are entitled to medically necessary treatment in Finland.
If you find work in Finland, you can become entitled to benefits as an employee. If you do not find work but decide to stay in Finland, your entitlement to social security coverage is determined by reference to whether you are considered to live in Finland permanently. For instance family ties can be an indication of permanent residence.
If you move to Finland from a country that has a social security agreement with Finland, the entitlement to social security coverage is determined on the basis of whether your move is temporary or permanent. Benefits can be paid to persons who move to Finland on a permanent basis.
If you look for work in Finland and come from some other country than an EU or EEA country, Switzerland or a country that has a social security agreement with Finland, you cannot normally gain social security coverage in Finland. However, if your intention is to move to Finland on a permanent basis and your other circumstances also indicate permanent residence in Finland, benefits can be paid.
Trainees and au pairs
Trainees and au pairs do usually not become entitled to Kela benefits since they work only to a small extent and for a short period. If the wage amounts to at least EUR 696.60 per month, you can be entitled to benefits as an employee.
Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service
Persons performing conscript or alternative civilian service who come to Finland from an EU or EEA country or Switzerland are entitled to social security coverage in Finland for the duration of the service.
If you come to Finland from a country outside the EU area, you can become entitled to benefits only if you move to Finland on a permanent basis and your intention is to stay here also after the service.
Professional athletes are compared to employees. If the monthly wage amounts to at least EUR 696.60 per month, you can be entitled to benefits.
If you come from a country outside the EU/EEA area, you need a residence permit for employees.