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Disability allowance for persons aged 16 years or over
The allowance is intended to provide support in everyday life, work and studies for persons aged 16 years or over who have a disability or chronic illness.
Disability or chronic illness
You may be entitled to disability allowance if your functional ability is impaired for at least a year due to disability or illness. Impaired functional ability means that you have difficulties in taking care of yourself and coping with activities of daily living, such as household chores and work or studies.
‘Functional impairment’ does not refer to an impairment of one’s ability to work.
Impairment or need of assistance
The right to disability allowance is also determined on the basis of how severe an impairment the disability or illness causes or how much assistance you need. If you need assistance only for household chores or daily errands, this does not entitle to disability allowance.
You can be granted disability allowance on the basis of need of assistance if you need
- assistance with personal activities of daily living, such as personal hygiene, getting dressed and communicating or
- guidance and supervision, such as reminders and urging in activities of daily living
Allowance payable at three different rates
The disability allowance is payable at three different rates: disability allowance at the basic rate, disability allowance at the middle rate and disability allowance at the highest rate. The rate of allowance that you will be granted is affected by the need of assistance, guidance and supervision.
The allowance can be granted for a specific period of time or without any time limit. If the allowance is granted for a specific period of time, you can apply for continued payment of the allowance.